Hoʻopālua ka nalu ʻeono i ka make o ka maʻi maʻi ma mua o ka maʻi maʻi

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ʻO ka make mai ka coronavirus ma kahi o 100.000 mau make ma Sepania i hoʻopaʻa inoa inoa ʻia e ka Ministry of Health. ʻO ka nalu ʻeono i kēia manawa ua hoʻohui hou aku i ʻumikūmākahi kaukani mau make, me kahi pōʻino o Ianuali me ka ʻoi aku o ʻelima kaukani make i hoʻokahi mahina, kahi helu i ʻike ʻole ʻia mai ka nalu ʻekolu make i ka hoʻoilo o ka makahiki i hala. I loko o ʻekolu mahina, ua ʻoi aku ka nui o nā maʻi ma mua o ka hale ʻaina holoʻokoʻa o ka maʻi maʻi. Ua ʻoi aku ka paʻakikī o ka maʻi maʻi akā ua liʻiliʻi ka pōʻino i ka heluna nui i hoʻopaʻa ʻia.

ʻO ka helu haʻahaʻa o ka make i kēia nalu i hoʻohālikelike ʻia me nā mea ma mua, ʻoiai ka nui o ka nui o nā maʻi, ua paipai i ke Aupuni e hoʻolaha i ka 'flu' aʻe o ka coronavirus; ʻo ia hoʻi, ka noho pū ʻana me Covid-19 ma ke ʻano he maʻi hanu ʻē aʻe.

ʻO ka nui o nā hana i ka nalu ʻeono, ʻoi aku naʻe ma mua o ka hoʻopiʻi maʻamau. ʻO ka ʻumi kaukani make a hiki i ka liʻiliʻi ma mua o ʻekolu mahina ma mua o nā kau maʻi maʻi piha o nā makahiki ma mua o ka maʻi maʻi. I ka makahiki 2019-2020, 3900 mau make i pili i ka maʻi maʻi i manaʻo ʻia; a ma 2018-2019, 6.300 mau make, e like me nā helu mai ka National Epidemiology Center (CNE) a me ka Carlos III Health Institute (ISCIII).

Ua hoʻohui ʻia ke ono o ka nalu o ka coronavirus i nā hana he nui e like me ka ʻehā a me ka lima, i ka pūnāwai a me ke kauwela o ka makahiki i hala. I nā mahina ʻekolu i hala iho nei, ua nui nā make e like me nā mahina ʻewalu i hala, ma waena o ʻApelila a Nowemapa, e like me ka ʻike ISCIII. ʻAʻole i pani ka nalu o kēia manawa i ke koena, no ka mea, ua hoʻopaʻa inoa ʻia nā leka hoʻomaopopo me ka lohi, ʻoi aku ka nui o nā lā hou, a aia nā lā me ka 200 o ka make.

ʻOi aku ka nui o ka make mai Covid ma Sepania ma mua o nā helu mana mai ka ʻoihana. Wahi a ka ʻike hou mai ka National Institute of Statistics (INE) e pili ana i nā make, ma 2020 a me 2021 ka nui o ka make ma Sepania ma mua o 122.000 mau make i hoʻohālikelike ʻia i ka 89.412 mau make i hōʻike ʻia e Health i ka makahiki.

Inā ʻoi aku ka like o ka ʻikepili make i ka mea maoli ma mua o nā nalu mua o ka maʻi maʻi, ʻo ka mea i pau ka nui o nā maʻi. ʻO ka ʻoiaʻiʻo, ua ʻōlelo ka poʻe loea i ka nele o ka ʻikepili maoli e pili ana i nā maʻi e hana i nā hoʻoholo pololei a neʻe i ka 'flu' i kali ʻia. No kēia, manaʻo ia e hoʻonui i nā haʻawina seroprevalence i haʻalele ʻia e Health ma hope o ka puka ʻana o Ómicron.

"Ua hāʻule mākou i ka pae hope"

"I loko o nā nalu ʻelima i hala iho nei, ʻo ka mea i hāʻule ʻole iā mākou ʻo ia ka pae hope loa, ua nānā wale mākou i nā hana de-escalation: masks, hiki ... i ka wā e hiki mai ana, "i wehewehe ʻo Kauka José Luis del Pozo, ka luna o ka lawelawe ʻo Infectious Diseases and Microbiology ma ke Kulanui o Navarra, i kēia nūpepa. I kona manaʻo, ma ka hopena o ke ono o ka nalu "e hāʻule hou ana mākou i ka hewa like", no ka mea me Ómicron ʻaʻohe ʻike "koʻikoʻi" i ka mea i hala i ka maʻi.

ʻO kēia kūlana ka hopena o ka pakeneka kiʻekiʻe o ka poʻe i loaʻa i ka maʻi i nā mahina i hala iho nei, ua ʻike ʻia ma o kahi hōʻike hoʻāʻo ponoʻī ʻaʻole i haʻi ʻia i ke Health a i ʻole i loaʻa i ka maʻi asymptomatically, e like me ka microbiologist o ke keʻena like. , Gabriel Queen. Eia kekahi, ua hoʻoikaika ʻo ia ʻo ka manawa maikaʻi loa e hoʻokō ai i kēia ʻano aʻo - e like me ka ENE-Covid i hāpai ʻia e Health - i kēia manawa, "i ka manawa i lanakila ai ka piko o nā maʻi, no ka mea hiki ke loli a ʻoi aku ka maoli. kiʻi o ka maʻi maʻi.

ʻOiai ke kiʻekiʻe o ka make, akā naʻe, i kēia nalu, me ka ʻano Omicron, ʻoi aku ma mua o ka hapalua o nā maʻi mai ka wā i komo ai ka maʻi i hoʻopaʻa inoa ʻia ma Sepania. ʻO ka 11 miliona mau hihia i ʻike ʻia mai Pepeluali 2020, ʻeono miliona i hōʻike maikaʻi i nā mahina ʻekolu i hala iho nei, mai Dekemaba o ka makahiki i hala, i hoʻohālikelike ʻia me ʻelima miliona mau hopena i nā mahina 22 i hala. I nā huaʻōlelo ʻē aʻe, ua hāʻawi ka nalu ʻeono i ʻeono o nā maʻi he ʻumi, akā hoʻokahi wale nō o ka ʻumi o ka make mai ka maʻi maʻi.

ʻOi aku ka nui o nā maʻi, ʻuʻuku ka make

ʻO ka pahū o nā maʻi i ka nalu ʻeono ua hiki i nā pae ʻaʻole i ʻike ʻia a hiki i kēia manawa, me ka nui o ka nui o nā hihia ma mua o 3.000 i kēlā me kēia haneli tausani kānaka i nā lā 14 i hala i ka hoʻomaka ʻana o Ianuali, ʻeono mau manawa o ka palena i manaʻo ʻia he pilikia kiʻekiʻe loa. ʻAʻole i ʻoi aku ka nui o ka nui ma mua o ka 900, Ianuali o ka makahiki i hala. I kēia manawa ua hoʻomau ka emi ʻana, ʻoiai aia ma luna o ke kiʻekiʻe o ka pōʻino nui loa.

A hiki i ka nalu ʻeono, ua huki ka make i nā pihi i ka nui o nā hihia, nā halemai, a me nā make. Ua hana ʻia kēia a hiki i ka hōʻea ʻana o ka ʻano ʻano Ómicron i kēia hoʻoilo, me ka pahū ʻana o nā maʻi like ʻole i kekahi maʻi maʻi, akā hoʻokaʻawale ʻia mai ka laina, haʻahaʻa loa, o ka loaʻa kālā a me ka make.

I ka nalu ʻeono, ʻaʻole i hoʻonui ʻia ka pae kiʻekiʻe o ka noho ʻana o ka haukapila, i hoʻonohonoho ʻia ma 15% o nā moena me nā maʻi maʻi coronavirus; ʻaʻole hoʻi i ka noho ʻana o nā kikowaena mālama kino (ICU), i hōʻailona ʻia ma 25% me nā maʻi maʻi Covid-19. ʻO kēlā kiʻekiʻe o ka saturation wale nō i pale ʻia i nā nalu ʻehā a me ʻelima, ʻoi aku ka maʻalahi; ʻOiai i ke kolu o ka ICU i hoʻopā i ka 50% i noho ʻia me ka maʻi maʻi maʻi.

make nalu

I ke kauwela i hala aku nei, ʻo ka nalu ʻelima, i kapa ʻia ʻo ka 'young wave', ua hoʻopilikia nui ʻia i ka heluna kanaka ʻaʻole i hoʻopaʻa ʻia, ʻoiai ʻo ka poʻe ʻelemakule, me ka nui o ka pilikia o ka hoʻopiʻi ʻana mai ka maʻi, ua hoʻopaʻa mua ʻia. Eia nō naʻe, ua ʻoi aku ma mua o ʻeono kaukani i make ma hope. ʻO ka hā o ka nalu, i ka pūnāwai, ʻoi aku ka liʻiliʻi o ka ikaika, ua make nā ola o 4.000 mau kānaka; ʻO ka nui o lākou, eia naʻe, ʻohi ʻia mai ka hoʻoilo paʻakikī.

ʻO ka hoʻohālikelike ʻana o ka nalu ʻeono me ka hoʻoilo ma mua, me ka ʻole o nā lāʻau lapaʻau, he ʻokoʻa. Ua waiho ke kolu o ka nalu he 30.000 i make, he 25.000 o lakou ma waena o Dekemaba a me Feberuari, ke hoohalikeia me 10.000 i ke ono o ia mau mahina, me ka nui o ka heluna kanaka i loaa i ka ma'i a me ka poe elemakule me ke kolu o ka nui. ʻO ka nalu mua, i ʻoki koke ʻia e ka hoʻopaʻa ʻana, ua 30.000 i make; aʻo ka lua, ʻo ke kauwela-autumn o 2020, hoʻohui i 20.000.